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by Platinum (18.4k points)
 
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Metal Electrochemical Machining (ECM) is a non-traditional machining process that uses electrochemical reactions to remove material from a workpiece. Here's a simple explanation:

Setup:

An electrolyte solution is used to create a conductive path between the workpiece (anode) and the tool (cathode).

Tool Design:

The tool is typically a shaped electrode made from a material like copper.

Electrolyte Flow:

The electrolyte solution flows between the tool and the workpiece.

Electric Potential:

An electric potential is applied between the tool and the workpiece, creating an electrochemical reaction.

Material Removal:

Metal ions from the workpiece dissolve into the electrolyte, resulting in the removal of material from the workpiece.

Contour Following:

ECM is capable of following complex contours and shapes, producing intricate and precise components.

Applications:

Used for machining complex shapes in materials that are difficult to machine by traditional methods.

Advantages:

ECM is known for its ability to machine complex shapes without inducing mechanical stresses or generating heat.

In simple terms, Metal Electrochemical Machining is a process of using electrochemical reactions to selectively remove material from a workpiece, allowing for precise and intricate machining of complex shapes.

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