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by Platinum (18.4k points)
Metal Electron Beam Welding (EBW) is a welding process that uses a focused beam of high-velocity electrons to join metal components. Here's a simple explanation:

Electron Beam Gun:

An electron beam gun emits a concentrated stream of high-energy electrons.

Vacuum Chamber:

The welding process takes place in a vacuum chamber to prevent the scattering of electrons in the air.

Focused Beam:

The electron beam is focused using magnetic lenses to create a precise and intense heat source.

Workpiece Preparation:

The metal workpieces to be welded are prepared, and the joint is positioned in the path of the focused electron beam.

High Heat Generation:

The high-velocity electrons transfer their energy to the workpieces, rapidly generating heat at the welding point.

Melting and Fusion:

The intense heat causes localized melting of the metal, and as the workpieces cool, they fuse together.


High precision and control due to the focused beam.

Minimal heat-affected zone, reducing distortion.

Suitable for welding high-temperature alloys and dissimilar metals.


Used in aerospace, automotive, and other industries for welding critical components with tight tolerances.

In simple terms, Metal Electron Beam Welding is a process where a focused beam of high-energy electrons is used to melt and fuse metal components together, offering high precision and minimal heat-affected zone.

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